Tempe is a city in Maricopa County in the state of Arizona, United States, with a population of 180,587 according to the United States Census Bureau in 2020. The Vale of Tempe in Greece is the inspiration for the city’s name. Tempe is a city in the East Valley portion of metropolitan Phoenix, bounded on the west by Phoenix and Guadalupe, on the north by Scottsdale and the Salt River Pima–Maricopa Indian Community, on the south by Chandler, and on the east by Mesa. Tempe is home to approximately 200,000 people. Tempe is also the home of Arizona State University’s main campus, which is located in the city.
Located near to Arizona State University, Maple-Ash is a historic Tempe neighborhood with a rich history. Older homes on huge irrigated lots make up this quirky and entertaining neighborhood. In fact, Maple-Ash offers the most diverse collection of architectural styles in the region. Homes were constructed between 1900 and 1950 and varied in style from farm cottages to ranch houses. University Park, with its modern residences built on big lots, is also worth mentioning. New condominiums and luxury loft buildings have also been constructed along Mill Avenue. While Arizona State University is by far the city’s largest employer, Tempe is also home to corporations such as Go Daddy, Motorola, Insight, and Google, among others.
To some extent, Tempe was a sundown town, where African Americans were permitted to work but were encouraged to reside elsewhere until the early 1960s. Warren and Carol Livingston were the first African-Americans to purchase property in Tempe, when they did so in 1965. The Territorial Normal School, which later became Arizona Normal School, Arizona State Teachers College, Arizona State College, and finally Arizona State University, was established in Tempe by the 13th Arizona Territorial Legislature in 1885. Arizona State University was founded in Tempe in 1885.
Originally built in 1887 to cross the Salt River, the Maricopa and Phoenix Railroad was an important connection in connecting Tempe to the nation’s expanding transportation infrastructure. The Tempe Land and Improvement Company was established in order to sell land in the rapidly growing town of Tempe. Tempe grew to become a major economic center for the neighboring agricultural region. The city was officially established in 1894.
It was only after the completion of Roosevelt Dam in 1911 that enough water became available to meet the expanding demands of Valley farmers. Ahead of the dam’s dedication, former President Theodore Roosevelt praised the accomplishments made by the people of central Arizona and projected that their communities would grow into affluent metropolis in the future. Arizona was recognized as the 48th state a little more than a year later, and the Salt River Valley continued to grow and prosper. Tempe has grown in importance as a suburb of Phoenix, as well as a hub of education and trade, in the twentieth and twenty-first century.